Share this to:

Support & Insight for the Autumn of Life

Growing Evidence Aluminum Adds to Development of Alzheimer’s

DIET & HYGIENE: Researchers find growing evidence that aluminum contributes to the development of Alzheimer’s. Find out more.

A study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports continues to support a growing body of evidence that aluminum contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Researchers found aluminum co-located with phosphorylated tau protein, which is an early initiator of AD.

This study builds upon two earlier published studies (including Mold et al., 2020, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease) from the same group.

The new data demonstrate that aluminum is co-located with phosphorylated tau protein, present as tangles within neurons in the brains of early-onset or familial Alzheimer’s disease.

Evidence aluminum plays a role

“The presence of these tangles is associated with neuronal cell death, and observations of aluminum in these tangles may highlight a role for aluminum in their formation,” explained lead investigator Matthew John Mold, PhD, Birchall Centre, Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK.

The earlier research highlighted widespread co-localization of aluminum and amyloid-β in brain tissue in familial AD.

The researchers used a highly-selective method of immunolabelling in the current study, combined with aluminum-specific fluorescence microscopy.

‘Unequivocal association’ with tau

Phosphorylated tau in tangles co-located with aluminum in the brain tissue of the same cohort of Colombian donors with familial AD were identified.

“It is of interest and perhaps significance with respect to aluminum’s role in AD that its unequivocal association with tau is not as easily recognizable as with amyloid-β.

“There are many more aggregates of aluminum with amyloid-β than with tau in these tissues and the latter are predominantly intracellular,” remarked co-author, Professor Christopher Exley.

Aluminum presence may precede tau

George Perry, PhD, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, comments: “Aluminum accumulation has been associated with Alzheimer’s disease for nearly half a century, but it is the meticulously specific studies of Drs. Mold and Exley that are defining the exact molecular interaction of aluminum and other multivalent metals that may be critical to formation of the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease.”

“The new data may suggest that the association of aluminum with extracellular senile plaques precedes that with intracellular aggregates of tau.

“These relationships with both amyloid-β and tau may account for the high levels of aluminum observed in the brain tissue of donors with familial AD versus those without a diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease,” said Dr. Mold.

“Tau and amyloid-beta are known to act in synergy to produce neurotoxicity in AD and our data provide new evidence for a role of aluminum in this process.”



  • Matthew John Mold, Adam O’Farrell, Benjamin Morris, Christopher Exley. Aluminum and Tau in Neurofibrillary Tangles in Familial Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports, 2021; 5 (1): 283 DOI: 10.3233/ADR-210011

Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
April 25, 2021 12:31 pm

It is irresponsible, at best, to mention anti-perspirants containing aluminum in this context. I can easily find several studies showing that aluminum was not absorbed through the skin and not a single study that shows it is. Here is so much legitimate fear about dementia. Stoking that fear with innuendo is wrong. I noticed that several adds mentioning aluminum free deodorants were on the page that opened with the link to the article. So it seems there’s a financial/marketing motive for this. So sketchy. This is wrong, wrong, wrong.
Reply to  BusyBeader
April 25, 2021 1:08 pm

Thank you, your correction is pretty much on the mark and duly accepted. Therefore, all references to skin absorption and antiperspirants have been removed from this article. As for the ads, Amazon places them on the page automatically, to best serve readers based on their interest. Please keep the feedback coming.

April 25, 2021 7:53 pm

So how does one get aluminum in their body? That would be helpful information
Reply to  Nanci
April 25, 2021 8:21 pm

Nanci, a good source for the kind of information is the reputable website . Here are some of the videos there:

Aluminum in Vaccines vs. Food

Is There Too Much Aluminum in Tea?

Are Aluminum Pots, Bottles, and Foil Safe?

B. Berger

B. Berger

Visit Our Pages On:


This site was inspired by my Mom’s autoimmune dementia.

It is a place where we separate out the wheat from the chaffe, the important articles & videos from each week’s river of news. With a new post on Alzheimer’s or dementia appearing on the internet every 7 minutes, the site’s focus on the best information has been a help to many over the past 15 years. Thanks to our many subscribers for your supportive feedback.

The site is dedicated to all those preserving the dignity of the community of people living with dementia.

Peter Berger, Editor


Infrared Sensor Spots Alzheimer's 17 Years Before Symptoms
A new sensor has been developed that can detect Alzheimer's more than a decade before symptoms appear. Learn more.
Are Macaque Monkeys Better Test Models for Alzheimer's Treatments?
Rhesus macaque monkeys are being used to research early-stage Alzheimer's. Find out why they are so much better than ...
black framed eyeglasses on blue bedsheet
Suvorexant Reduces Alzheimer's Tau & Amyloid Beta
Researchers find that people with dementia who received the drug suvorexant showed a drop in tau and amyloid beta. Th...


Amazon Books
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
News to Get at the Truth

Subscribe To Our Weekly Newsletter

Enjoy thought-provoking videos & articles
News to Get at the Truth

Subscribe To Our Weekly Newsletter